Review of Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations on the Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Very-Low-Carbohydrate (including Ketogenic) Diets for the Management of Body Weight and other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors
A Scientific Statement from the National Lipid Association
Carol F. Kirkpatrick, PhD, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Julie P. Bolick, MS, RDN, CD, CLS, FNLA, Penny M. Kris-Etherton, PhD, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Geeta Sikand, MA, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Karen E. Aspry, MD, MS, FNLA, Daniel E. Soffer, MD, FNLA, Kaye-Eileen Willard, MD, FNLA, Kevin C. Maki, PhD, CLS, FNLA
- Low- and very-low-carbohydrate diets are not superior to other weight loss diets.
- May have advantages on appetite and reduced triglyceride and diabetes medication.
- Mixed effects on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
- No clear evidence for advantages related to other cardiometabolic risk markers.
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