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Review of Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations on the Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Very-Low-Carbohydrate (including Ketogenic) Diets for the Management of Body Weight and other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

Last Updated: Wednesday, 04-Sep-2019 20:00:00 EDT

Review of Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations on the Effects of Low-Carbohydrate and Very-Low-Carbohydrate (including Ketogenic) Diets for the Management of Body Weight and other Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

A Scientific Statement from the National Lipid Association

Carol F. Kirkpatrick, PhD, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Julie P. Bolick, MS, RDN, CD, CLS, FNLA, Penny M. Kris-Etherton, PhD, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Geeta Sikand, MA, RDN, CLS, FNLA, Karen E. Aspry, MD, MS, FNLA, Daniel E. Soffer, MD, FNLA, Kaye-Eileen Willard, MD, FNLA, Kevin C. Maki, PhD, CLS, FNLA
 

Highlights:

  • Low- and very-low-carbohydrate diets are not superior to other weight loss diets.
  • May have advantages on appetite and reduced triglyceride and diabetes medication.
  • Mixed effects on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
  • No clear evidence for advantages related to other cardiometabolic risk markers.

 

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