JCL Roundtable: Gender Differences in Risk Reduction with Lifestyle Changes

Last Updated:
Publish Date: 
August 24, 2015 - 12:00pm

Abstract: The first efforts to uncover the causes of cardiovascular disease focused on the behavioral, now called lifestyle habits of populations. Diet, exercise, and smoking were recognized as important issues with strong relationships in community-based observational studies such as the Seven Countries study, the Framingham Heart Study, and the Western Electric Study in Chicago. The first meaningful intervention in the United States was the dietary recommendations made by the American Heart Association in 1963 and the Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health in 1964.

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